(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Linguistic Survey Of India Vol V Part I Indo Aryan Family Eastern Group"

EBMALI SKELETON &BJtMMAR.'

(1) Living beings-
Sing*

Norn, santan, *)
5.5

Plur*

& BOH*            sant&nerti.

santdnder (or -digcr).

Gen.  sautaner.
Loc.

For other Obi. oases of Plnr. (ft^a is added. Only human
beings have nom. plur. in era. Other living beings ube ft
periphrasis, e.g., kukkur-sakal, dogs.

—Verbs.— Plural is commonly used instead of singular,
except in 3rd person. Fir.st ami 2nd persons singular are
hero omitted. Third pert-oil plural is also used te an
honorific singular.

Auxiliary Verb, and Verb Substantive-
Present 1.           £?££».         Past
2.            achfia*

ridf,

Gen.
Loc.

pitarS.
pitader.

The nominative forms tanfant and jp#ajr are only used
before transitive verbs.

(2) Icanimate objectB-**

Nom. gSc&k a tree. Phr. always formed by a peri
phraeis. Thus, gfcchh-mkal
trees.

Ace.

Dat.

tien. gSchher*

loo.        -

Termination, of o^her cases—

AOJ, Dai JtB (only in the case of

Dat.        rS (rare).    Inanimate objects talce forin of Loc*

Instr.      tS (rare), usually karttrik, dim, etc.

Obi.       Umt tkSkiyS (pron. ikffif), eto.

Loo.        also ltd or te (both numb^ry).

Gender.—Adjectives do not change for geuder.

Negative Verb substantive, nai or n&ki, am not, and so on. The
word nai when used with tho prcsout tense, givee it a past
negative meaning.

Emphatic Verb substantive, ^ct/», I am indeed, and so on*

Eegutor Verb, Hoot   kar, do.

Verbal Nouns           kard, karibut, karan.

Infinitive                 Jkarifa

Pres. Part,               karit%*

Pft$t Part.                k*riyii.

Conjunctive Part.      kariy£> kctrilti*

Conditional Part.!     kanlt.

Present.

1.  fcari, I do.

2,  ^arct (old Sing, fan*)*
a ( Bin jr. kart.

1. kariliimt (old Sing,

or karitum), 1 did
2.

o ( Sing,
3i

l>iur. terilc*.

Future.
1. karito, I »b*U do.

ft ( Sing, tert&fr (-M).
S'iPlur. teriMn.

Present Definite, kari
1 azn doing, etc.

Imperfect,

wait doiog-> eto.

Perfect, kariywhfo, I have
done, etc,

Pluperfect, fari
I hud doruk, etc.

2. *ara, do,
. ht
. *ur«».

Conditional and Habitual-—

1.  karitiim> (if) I had done, I u*ed to do,

2.  karitt.
'Sing.

II.—Pronouns—


	(a,P»8oW,
						(*, D,.o«».«T..
	

	1st.
		2nd;
		3rd.
		
	


	Inferior (disused).
	Usual former.
	i Inferior {diguied).
	Usual forma.
	Inferior,
	Soperior*
	Tb»,
	That

Sing. Horn.
	mm.
	ami.
	M.
	t*mi.
	a.
	tint,
	^ *«»
	5«m.

. Gen. . Loc.  .
	mtir.
 note.
	££
	tSr.
 ms.
	tdmar.
	hUar, tdr. ^JMy, t&y.
	
	t'££*V *VWT**» etc.
	«^Tr» «Hr, etc.

Plur. Nom.
 fc*r*
	nSra.
	amara.
	t$r&.
	timara.
	tahZri, t$r*<
	tSlUSrS.
	
	

ueiu
	
	am*d*r.
	ttder.
	tim&ler.
	msdcstt&dsr.
	auof.